Rosa Norp; Ouders over gezinsgericht werken in JJI’s. Een analyse van de verschillende behoeften van ouders aan betrokkenheid tussen verblijf- en leeftijdsgroepen

The aim of this study was twofold. First, to examine parenting stress and satisfaction with the juvenile justice institution (JJI) experienced by participating parents (N = 51) in family-centered care (GGW). Second, to learn about their experiences, views and expectations of GGW, 19 parents were interviewed. Differences between the type of living (YOUTURN and GGW) and between the age groups (16- and 16+) were part of this research. The present study was focused on parents of incarcerated male adolescents aged between 12 and 21 years. Non-parametric tests were used to examine the population of the GGW-parents. Contrary to our expectations, the results of this study showed that these parents report a low level of parenting stress. However, it appeared that these parents experience more parenting stress than the population of parents without child welfare involvement. On the other hand, the parents in our study reported less parenting stress than the clinical group.
Furthermore, the parents in our study were generally satisfied with the treatment in the JJI. The semi-structured interviews were the basis of the qualitative analysis. The analysis of these interviews showed that the involvement of parents is more embedded in the GGW-groups in comparison to the YOUTURN-groups. The desired involvement of parents includes an introductory meeting, frequently contact (by telephone), group activities, and participating in discussions about the care process. Reasons for dissatisfaction with the JJI are limited information, lack of initiative, and feedback on the progress of their son. Insight in these factors may help to further improve the program of family-centered care and its implementation in practice, which in turn can lead to more involvement of parents during their child’s detention.